You knew that the batteries contain heavy metals that are dangerous to health and the environment.
Belong to them:
- lead – is a poisonous element, practically indestructible; in humans it causes damage to all cells and organs; has a negative impact on living organisms, plant development or processes that take place in the aquatic environment,
- mercury – a highly toxic compound; poisons living organisms and sometimes causes massive environmental contamination; in humans, it is very harmful to the central nervous system, kidneys, bones,
- cadmium – a very toxic element; the main storage places in humans are the liver, pancreas, intestines, kidneys, glands and lungs,
In addition, they contain harmful:
- nickel – can contribute to the development of cancer cells, damages mucous membranes, causes changes in the skeletal system;
- lithium – can cause pulmonary edema and damage to the skin and systems: cardiovascular, digestive, nervous.
BATTERIES – RECYCLING
Have you ever wondered what recycling of everyday objects may look like that contain very toxic and harmful elements and compounds? In the case of used batteries, it is a complex procedure involving several stages. We will describe them in a telegraphic short, which will give us a certain picture of the phenomenon.
First, mechanical machining is carried out – during this stage the battery is divided into specific fractions, which are determined based on physical properties. Next, smelting of individual metals takes place, which can be reused, e.g. in industry. At this stage various processes are involved, such as pyrometallurgy or hydrometallurgy.
BATTERIES – DISPOSAL
However, these complex processes can only take place if the used batteries are properly disposed of and disposed of. Before returning them to the appropriate point, you must keep appropriate storage conditions (dry, shady place, room temperature, do not open or break them), but regular disposal is very important.
Where can you leave the used batteries?
According to the act, each commune should have its own Municipal Waste Collection Point, where everyone can leave used batteries.
In schools, offices and institutions very often you can find special containers for used batteries. It is the determinant of any company that wants to implement eco-friendly solutions to its operations. In addition, companies and institutions have a greater amount of waste batteries when handing over electrowaste.
Picture Credit: PublicDomainPictures